Pygmy Hogs | UPSC |

Pygmy Hogs | UPSC | Why In The News ?

The world’s rarest and smallest wild pigs were released in the Manas National Park of western Assam under the Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme (PHCP).
Pygmy Hogs | UPSC |

About Pygmy Hogs

  • The pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) is a native to alluvial grasslands in the foothills of the Himalayas at elevations of up to 300 m (980 ft).
  • Today, the only known population lives in Assam, India and possibly southern Bhutan.
  • As the population is estimated at less than 250 mature individuals.
  •  It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
  • It is designated as a Schedule I species in India under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and offences against them invite heavy penalties.
  • It thrives in wet grassland.
  • It is also an indicator species.
  •  Its presence reflects the health of its primary habitat, the tall, wet grasslands of the region.

Protection Status:

  • IUCN Red List: Endangered
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I

About Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme (PHCP)

The PHCP is a collaboration among, 

  • Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust of UK
  • Assam Forest Department
  • Wild Pig Specialist Group of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Implemented By : 

  • It is currently being implemented by NGOs – Aaranyak and EcoSystems India.

Initiated By : 

  • Conservation of pygmy hog was initiated by noted naturalist Gerald Durrell and his trust in 1971.

Read Also : Species In News 

Source : The Hindu, Indian Express 

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