Sitana Dharwarensis Fan-Throated Lizards | UPSC

Sitana Dharwarensis Fan-Throated Lizards | UPSC | Why In The News ?

New species of fan-throated lizard discovered in northern Karnataka, Bagalkot district
Name is derived from the Dharwar craton, a piece of the Earth’s crust that dates back to 2–3 billion years ago

About Sitana Dharwarensis Lizard :

  • Sitana is a genus of lizards Also known as the fan-throated lizards.
  • They Are from the family Agamidae.
  • They are found in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.
  • The genus comprises fourteen species, including several recently discovered species, such as two new species from Sri Lanka.
  • In 2016, a new genus named Sarada was erected, consisting of one former Sitana species and two newly described ones.
  • Sarada is the sister genus of Sitana.
  • Together they form a clade which sister group is Otocryptis.

Sitana Dharwarensis Fan-Throated Lizards | UPSC

Key Highlights : Sitana Dharwarensis Fan-Throated Lizards | UPSC 

Species 
  • Sitana Dharwarensis
Family 
  • Agamidae
Also Known As With Other Name 
  • Fan-throated lizards
Found In 
  • Nepal
  • India
  • Sri Lanka
  • Pakistan.
Body & Size 
  • Sitana are small to medium-sized lizards.
  • Males measure 37–47 mm (1.5–1.9 in)
  • Females 36–52 mm (1.4–2.0 in) in snout–vent length.
Food 
  • They are ground dwellers, primarily eating insects but also mollusks and plant seeds

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