Arka Shubha – New Marigold Variety | UPSC

Arka Shubha – New Marigold Variety | UPSC – Why In The News ?

  • The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) has developed a new marigold variety named Arka Shubha.

Arka Shubha – New Marigold Variety | UPSC

Key Highlights 

  • The carotene content of Arka Shubha is about 2.8% (for all marigolds, it’s maximum upto 1.4%), the highest of all plant sources.
  • This new variety of marigold can be used to extract crude carotene even if it deteriorates after blooming, which is different from other varieties.

Extraction of Ornamental and Carotene

  • This new variety not only has ornamental purposes, but is also a good source of crude carotene.

Poultry Feed: 

  • Its petals can be used as poultry feed to obtain high-quality egg yolks.

Reduce Import Dependency: 

  • India imports most of the carotene from other countries including China. 
  • This development can greatly reduce import dependence. 
  • Therefore, the cultivation area and investment in carotene extraction should be increased.

Read Also : Dalle Khursani Chillies from Sikkim | UPSC

Key Facts About Carotene: 

    • Carotene is a carotenoid pigment that does not contain oxygen. 
    • Generally, they are unsaturated hydrocarbons containing only carbon and hydrogen. 
    • The colors vary from yellow to orange to red. 
    • The color is attributed to a chain of alternating single and double bonds. Carotene is responsible for the orange color of carrots. 
  • Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and lycopene are examples of carotene. 
  • Carotene is used in the pharmaceutical industry and the demand for it has been high.

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