Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA | TS ) UPSC | Explained | Why in The news ?
In a recently held event, the 14 Tiger Reserves in India received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards (CA|TS).
International Tiger Day
- Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.
- It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia.
Conservation Status of Tiger:
- Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Endangered.
- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I.
India’s Tiger Population And Status Report :
- India is home to over 70% of the tiger population globally.
- India has 51 tiger reserves spread across 18 states
- The last tiger census was Conducted in 2018 Which showed a rise in the tiger population.
India Target Of Doubling Tigers Population :
- India achieved the target of doubling the tiger population four years ahead of schedule (2022) of the St. Petersburg Declaration on tiger conservation.
The 14 accredited tiger reserves are: Conservation Assured Tiger Standards
- Assan: Manas, Kaziranga and Orang
- Madhya Pradesh: Satpura, Kanha and Panna
- Maharashtra: Pench
- Bihar : Valmiki Tiger Reserve
- Uttar Pradesh : Dudhwa,
- West Bengal : Sunderbans
- Kerala : Parambikulam
- Karnataka : Bandipur Tiger Reserve
- Tamil Nadu : Mudumalai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve.
About Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA|TS)
- It Was launched in 2013
- It sets minimum standards for effective management of target species and encourages assessment of these standards in relevant conservation areas.
- CA|TS is a set of criteria which allows tiger sites to check if their management will lead to successful tiger conservation.
- CA|TS has been agreed upon as accreditation tool by the global coalition of Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) and has been developed by tiger and protected area experts.
Global Tiger Forum(GTF):
- It is the only inter-governmental international body
- It Was established in 1993 with members from willing countries to embark on a global campaign to protect the Tiger.
- It is located in New Delhi, India.
Global Tiger Initiative(GTI):
- It was launched in 2008.
- It Is a global alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector with the aim of working together to save wild tigers from extinction.
- In 2013, the scope was broadened to include Snow Leopards.
- It is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961.
- The Mains Aim is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.
- Headquarters : Gland, Switzerland.
Source – PIB