Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA | TS ) UPSC | Explained

Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA | TS ) UPSC | Explained | Why in The news ?

In a recently held event, the 14 Tiger Reserves in India received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards (CA|TS).

International Tiger Day

  • Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.
  • It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia.

Conservation Status of Tiger:

  • Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Endangered.
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I.

India’s Tiger Population And Status Report :

  • India is home to over 70% of the tiger population globally.
  • India has 51 tiger reserves spread across 18 states
  • The last tiger census was Conducted in 2018 Which showed a rise in the tiger population.

India Target Of Doubling Tigers Population : 

  • India achieved the target of doubling the tiger population four years ahead of schedule (2022) of the St. Petersburg Declaration on tiger conservation.

Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA | TS ) UPSC | Explained

The 14 accredited tiger reserves are: Conservation Assured Tiger Standards 

  • Assan: Manas, Kaziranga and Orang
  • Madhya Pradesh: Satpura, Kanha and Panna
  • Maharashtra: Pench
  • Bihar : Valmiki Tiger Reserve
  • Uttar Pradesh : Dudhwa,
  • West Bengal : Sunderbans
  • Kerala : Parambikulam
  • Karnataka : Bandipur Tiger Reserve
  • Tamil Nadu : Mudumalai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve.

About Conservation Assured Tiger Standards (CA|TS)

  • It Was launched in 2013
  • It sets minimum standards for effective management of target species and encourages assessment of these standards in relevant conservation areas.
  • CA|TS is a set of criteria which allows tiger sites to check if their management will lead to successful tiger conservation.
  • CA|TS has been agreed upon as accreditation tool by the global coalition of Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) and has been developed by tiger and protected area experts.

Global Tiger Forum(GTF):

  • It is the only inter-governmental international body
  • It Was established in 1993 with members from willing countries to embark on a global campaign to protect the Tiger.
  • It is located in New Delhi, India.

Global Tiger Initiative(GTI):

  • It was launched in 2008.
  • It Is a global alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector with the aim of working together to save wild tigers from extinction.
  • In 2013, the scope was broadened to include Snow Leopards.

WWF:

  • It is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961.
  • The Mains Aim is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.
  • Headquarters : Gland, Switzerland.

Source – PIB 

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