The Himalayan Brown Bear | UPSC | IUCN Status

The Himalayan brown bear | UPSC | IUCN Status | Why In The News ?

Study predicts massive habitat decline for the Himalayan brown bear by 2050 due to climate change

The Himalayan Brown Bear | UPSC | IUCN Status

About Himalayan Brown Bear :

  • It is one of the largest carnivores in the highlands of Himalayas.
  • It occupies the higher reaches of the Himalayas in remote, mountainous areas of Pakistan and India. 
  • Small Population is also found in Tibetan Autonomous Region of China and Bhutan.
  • They are the largest animals in the Himalayas.
  • They are usually sandy or reddish-brown in colour.
  • Himalayan brown bears are omnivores and eat grasses, roots and other plants as well as insects and small mammals. 
  • They also like fruits and berries and prey on large mammals, including sheep and goats.

Key Facts :Spotted Angle Butterfly | UPSC | Explained

Animal Name 
  • The Himalayan Brown Bear
Habitat & Distribution 
  • The bears are found in Nepal, Tibet, west China, north India, north Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, entire Kyrgyzstan and south-east Kazakhstan.
  • They are already speculated to have become extinct in Bhutan.
Class 
  • Mammalia
 

Body Size & Features 

  • Himalayan brown bears exhibit sexual dimorphism.
  • Males range from 1.5 to 2.2 m
  • Females are 1.37 to 1.83 m.
  • They are the largest animals in the Himalayas and are usually sandy or reddish-brown in colour.
Food
  • Omnivorous
Habitat
  • High altitude open valleys and pastures
Threat
  • Human-animal conflict
  • Rapid habitat loss
  • Poaching for fur
  • Claws and organs and, in some rare cases, bear baiting.

Conservation Status :

IUCN Critically Endangered
CITES Appendix I
Wild Life protection Act Schedule I

Source : The Hindu, Indian Express, Wikipedia 

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