Minervarya Pentali | UPSC

Minervarya Pentali | UPSC | Why In The News ?

The new frog species, Minervarya Pentali, was discovered from the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, extending along the southwest coast of the Indian Peninsula.

Minervarya Pentali | UPSC
Minervarya Pentali | UPSC

About Minervarya Pentali:

  • Minervarya Pentali is a new frog species from the genus Minervarya.
  • It is also among the smallest known Minervarya frogs.
  • The species was discovered from the Western Ghats.
  • The species is endemic to the southern Western Ghats.
  • The species has been named after former DU Vice-Chancellor and plant geneticist Deepak Pental.

Read Also : Systomus Gracilis | UPSC

About Minervarya:

  • Minervarya is a genus of frogs in the family Dicroglossidae.
  • The identity and taxonomic status of all known members of this genus are from Peninsular India.

Frog as Bio-indicators:

  • Since frogs absorb water directly through their skin, they’re especially vulnerable to water pollutants like pesticides and acid rain.
  • Frogs are considered “indicator species,” because they are the first to be affected by degradation of the environment.
The Western Ghats : 

  • These are the mountain ranges running parallel along the western coast of India starting from Gujarat and ending in Tamil Nadu.
  • Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are the six Indian states covered by Western Ghats.
  • The mountain range is also a “Hottest Hotspot” of biodiversity.
  • The Ghats are often called the Great Escarpment of India and are also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • High Biodiversity and Endemism are special features of Western Ghats along with the presence of Evergreen Forests.

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