Dalle Khursani Chillies from Sikkim | UPSC | Why In The News ?
- “Dalle Khursani” has earned the geographical indication (GI) tag
- The red cherry pepper chilli of Sikkim which is locally known as the “Dalle Khursani” has earned the geographical indication (GI) tag from the Union department of Industry promotion and internal trade.
- Notably, it is considered as one of the hottest chillies in the world.
- Dalle Khursani fetches as much as Rs 480 per kg in the local market today.
- The Scoville scale is a measurement of spiciness or heat of chillies.
- The granting of GI tag certifies that dalle khursani is endemic to Sikkim and the neighbouring areas of the Darjeeling hills.
- For north Bengal and Sikkim, this is the third product of the region to earn a GI tag.
- The amount of heat in chillies is measured in Scoville Heat Unit.
- Dalle Khursani has a range of 1,00,000 to 3,50,000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units) and is considered one of the hottest chillies in the world.
- Another pepper called ‘Bhut Jolokia’ grown in the neighbouring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Assam, and Nagaland has a SHU range of 8,55,000 to 10,41,427.
- Dalle Khursani is well known for its unique flavour and high pungency.
- It belongs to the family Solanaceae and genus Capsicum.
- Its plant grows up to 100-130 cm height in an open field and 150-180 cm height in greenhouse conditions.
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About Plant Growing Environment
- The crop belongs to the family Solanaceae and genus Capsicum.
- Plant grows up to 100-130 cm height under open field and 150-180 cm height in greenhouse condition