Gandhi Peace Prize | UPSC | Winners List 2021 With Full Details

Gandhi Peace Prize | UPSC | Winners List 2021 With Full DetailsThe Culture Ministry on Monday announced that the father of the nation of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the former Sultan of Oman, the late Qaboos bin Said Al Said, will be awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 and 2019 .

Gandhi Peace Prize | UPSC | Winners List 2021 With Full Details

About the Gandhi Peace Prize:

  • Gandhi Peace Prize is an annual award instituted by Government of India since 1995, the 125th Birth Anniversary commemoration year of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The award is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, language, caste, creed or sex.
  • The award carries an amount of Rs. 1 crore, a citation, a plaque and an exquisite traditional handicraft/ Hand loom item.

Conferred Upon:

  • The prize can be given to individuals, associations, institutions or Organizations.
    • It can be divided between two persons/institutions who are considered by the Jury to be equally deserving of recognition in a given year.
    • It is open to all persons regardless of nationality, creed, race or sex.

Selection Committee: The jury chaired by the Prime Minister and other members are the Chief Justice of India, the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha, Lok Sabha Speaker and founder of Sulabh International.

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Sheikh Mujibur Rahman:

  • He was known as Bangabandhu. Also regarded as “Jatir Janak” or “Jatir Pita (both meaning “Father of the Nation”) of Bangladesh.
  • He was born on 17th March 1920 in Tungipara, India (now in Bangladesh) and passed away on 15th August 1975 in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Year 2020 marked the birth centenary of Bangabandhu.
  • He was a Bengali leader who became the first prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75) and later became the president of the same in 1975.
  • He began his formal political career in 1949 as a co-founder of the Awami League.
  • He played a crucial role in advocating political autonomy for East Pakistan, the detached eastern part of Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
  • He was chosen for Gandhi Peace Prize 2020 in recognition of his outstanding contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violent and other Gandhian methods.
  • He was a champion of human rights and freedom, and is a hero to Indians as well.

Qaboos bin Said Al Said:

  • He has been the Arab world’s longest-serving ruler.
  • He ruled Oman for almost half a century.
  • In 1970, with the help of British, Qaboos overthrew his father in a bloodless coup, emerging as the Sultan at age 29.
  • He was a visionary leader whose twin policy of moderation and mediation in addressing international issues won him praise and respect across the globe.
  • He was also the architect of the special ties between India and Oman.
  • He had studied in India and always maintained a special relationship with India.
  • The Gandhi Peace Prize 2019 recognises his leadership in strengthening the ties between India and Oman and his efforts to promote peace in the Gulf region.

Gandhi Peace Prize Year-Wise [1995-2020]

Year Awardees of Gandhi Peace Prize
1995 Dr.Julius K.Nyerere, former President of Tanzania
1996
  • Dr. A.T. Ariyaratne, Founder President of
  •  Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement, Sri Lanka
1997 Dr. Gerhard Fischer of Germany
1998 RamaKrishna Mission (India)
1999 Baba Amte (Murlidhar Devidas Amte) (India)
2000
  • Dr. Nelson Mandela and Grameen Bank of
  •  Bangladesh (Jointly)
2001 Dr. John Hume, Ireland
2002 Bhartiya Vidya Bhawan
2003
  • Mr. Vaclav Havel, former President of
  •  Czechoslovakia
2004 Coretta Scott King
2005 Archbishop Desmond Tutu, South Africa
2006-2012 *Award withheld
2013 Chandi Prasad Bhatt
2014 ISRO
2015 Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari
2016 AkshayaPatra Foundation and Sulabh International [Jointly]
2017 EkalAbhiyan Trust
2018 Shri Yohei Sasakawa
2019 Qaboos bin Said Al Said
2020 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Gandhi Peace Prize Questions And Answers For UPSC Exam

1. Who has been awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize 2019?

  1. Ekal Abhiyan Trust
  2. Qaboos bin Said Al Said
  3. Yōhei Sasakawa
  4. Mujibur Rahan

Ans. b

2.Who has won the Gandhi Peace Prize 2020?

  1. Father of South Africa
  2. Father of Sri Lanka
  3. Father of Bangladesh
  4. Father of Indonesia

Ans. c

3.Choose the correct statements about Gandhi Peace Prize from those listed below:

  1. It was started as a biannual practice on the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi
  2. It has been given posthumously to people collectively for the first time for years 2019, 2020

Choose The Correct Answers From Options Given below .

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Both i and ii
  4. None of the above

Ans. b

 

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