Corbett National Park | UPSC

Corbett National Park | UPSC | Why In The News ?

Uttarakhand government highlighted the expanse of the state’s tiger map from Corbett National Park to Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary.

Uttarakhand has flaunted its tiger range up to 12,000 ft. as a testimony of Uttarakhand’s success in tiger conservation.

Key Points :

  • The tiger range from an elevation of 1,181 ft (360 m) to 12,073 ft (3680 m) as a testimony of Uttarakhand’s success in tiger conservation.
  • The tiger’s usual range is under 6,000 ft (below 1,800 ft, think Kasauli).
  • That makes its presence above 12,000 ft — the elevation of the Kedarnath temple — rare. But tigers have shown up before a strategically placed motion-triggered camera at higher altitudes.

About Corbett National Park :

  • Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India
  • It was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger.
  • It is located in Nainital district and Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand and was named after hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett.
  • The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.
  • The park has sub-Himalayan belt geographical and ecological characteristics.
  • Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of sal, haldu, peepal, rohini and mango trees.
  • Forest covers almost 73% of the park, while 10% of the area consists of grasslands.
  • It houses around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.

Read Also : Sutlej River Pollution | UPSC

Some Additional Information :

Project Tiger

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Government of India launched in 1973 for in-situ conservation of wild tigers in designated tiger reserves.
  • Madhya Pradesh (526) has maximum tigers in our country followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).

Global Tiger Forum(GTF)

  • It is the only inter-governmental international body established in 1993 with members from willing countries to embark on a global campaign to protect the Tiger.
  • It is located in New Delhi, India.

Global Tiger Initiative(GTI)

  • It was launched in 2008 as a global alliance of governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector with the aim of working together to save wild tigers from extinction.
  • In 2013, the scope was broadened to include Snow Leopards.

 

 

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