Jal Shakti Abhiyaan UPSC | Objective | Key Features | Significance – The Jal Shakti Abhiyan, launched by the Union Jal Shakti Minister has begun from 1st July, 2019. The Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a campaign for water conservation and water security in the country. Ministry of Home Affairs, as per the Centre, has allowed to take up MGNREGA works/drinking water and sanitation works at the time of lockdown with priority to be given to water conservation and irrigation works.
During the campaign, officers, groundwater experts and scientists from the Government of India will work together with state and district officials in India’s most water-stressed districts for water conservation and water resource management by focusing on accelerated implementation of five target intervention.
Jal Shakti Abhiyaan UPSC | Objective | Key Features | Significance
About Jal Shakti Abhiyan:
- It is a time-bound, mission-mode campaign.
- Launched in 2019, it covered 256 water stressed districts across the country.
- The campaign will run through citizen participation.
- It is also a mass movement to bring all the stakeholders under one ambit of water conservation drive.
- It is a collaborative effort of various Ministries of the Government of India and State Governments, being coordinated by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Nodal agency for Urban Renewal: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
The five important water conservation interventions are :
- Water conservation and rainwater harvesting,
- Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks,
- Reuse of water and recharging of structures,
- Watershed development and
- Intensive afforestation.
Causes of Water Scarcity
Following are some of the major causes of water shortage:
- Climate change
- Natural calamities such as droughts and floods
- Increased human consumption
- Overuse and wastage of water
- A global rise in freshwater demand
- Overuse of aquifers and its consequent slow recharge
Jal Shakti Abhiyaan UPSC Quiz & Solution
|Which Is The Nodal Ministry For Implementation Of Jal Shakti Abhiyaan ?
|In which Year Jal Shakti Abhiyaan Mission Was Laucnhed ?