Savitri Bai Phule UPSC

Savitri Bai Phule UPSC | Why In The News ?

  • Recently the 189th birth anniversary of Savitri Bai Phule was celebrated. 

About Savitri Bhai Phule : 

  • Savitribai Phule was born on 3 January 1831 at Naigaon in Maharashtra’s Satara district.
  • She was the eldest daughter of Lakshmi and Khandoji Neveshe Patil.
  • At the age of 9, she was married to 13-year-old Jyotirao Phule.
  • Jyotirao educated Savitribai at home after their marriage.
  • Savitribai Phule died on 10 March 1897.

Contributions :

  • Jyotiba, at the age of 21, and Savitri, 17, opened a school for women in 1848.
  • It was the country’s first school for women started by Indians.
  • She then started teaching girls in Pune’s Maharwada.
  • In 1852, Savitribai started the Mahila Seva Mandal to raise awareness about women’s rights.
  • She simultaneously campaigned against child marriage, while supporting widow remarriage.
  • In 1863, they started a home for the prevention of infanticide in their own house, for the safety of pregnant, exploited Brahman widows and to nurture their children.
  • She initiated the first Satyashodhak marriage—a marriage without a dowry, Brahmin priests or Brahminical rituals in 1873
  • Her adopted son, Yashwant, too, had a Satyashodhak inter-caste marriage.

In the 1850s, the Phule couple initiated two educational trusts : Noor Inayat Khan UPSC

  • The Native Female School, Pune 
  • The Society for Promoting the Education of Mahars

Mangs and Etceteras—which came to have many schools under them.

Books & Literature :

  • She published Kavya Phule in 1854
  •  Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar in 1892

Satya Shodhak Samaj (Truth Seekers Society) : 

  • It was founded by Jyotirao Phule in 1873 in Pune.
  • Satya shodhak samaj was founded with a purpose to give education to the lower castes, scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and made them aware of the exploiting tradition of society.

Source – Indian Express 

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