Hoysala Empire | UPSC

Hoysala Empire | UPSC | Why In The News ?

Recently, a Hoysala-era idol of Mahakali at the Lakshmi Devi temple, Karnataka was found damaged

  • An inscription of the Hoysala period and pedestals, said to be of an ancient structure, were found close to the site where a government engineering college is coming up at Kellengere near Arsikere.

About Temple  : 

  • Lakshmi Devi temple, built in a chatuskuta style (four shrines), is one of the earliest known temples built by the Hoysalas.  
  • It was built by the Hoysala Empire King Vishnuvardhana in 1114 C.E.  
  • The building material is Chloritic schist, more commonly known as soapstone.  
  • The temple does not stand on a jagati (platform), a feature which became popular in later Hoysala temples.  
  • It is an archaeological Survey of India (ASI) monument.

Hoysala empire:

  • This empire ruled almost all of present-day Karnataka between the 11th to mid 14th centuries. 
  • Their capital was Belur which was later shifted to Halebidu
  • This period was a very important era for the development of art, architecture, and religion in the Southern countries. 
  • The Hoysala Empire contributed to the growth of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature.
  • The earliest known king of this empire is Nripa Kama II who lived around 1026-1047 AD. He was probably a feudatory of the Western Ganga Dynasty and is known to have indulged in futile wars against the Cholas.
  • However, another early Hoysala ruler Vinayaditya was a feudatory of Chalukyas of Kalyani
  • Vinayaditya was having family ties with Western Chalukyan King Someshwara I. His son Ereyanaga tried to establish himself as an independent monarch but was not successful. 
  • He was succeeded by Veera Ballala-I who was also an unimportant ruler. 
  • The first notable great Hoysala king was Vishnuvardhana, who was also known as Bittiga.

Learning Schools : Govind Ballabh Pant | UPSC

  • Ghatikas 

Religion :  

  • Jainism, Vaishnavism and Lingayatism 

Contemporary Philosophers : 

  • Basava, Madhvacharya and Ramanuja in Karnataka 

Rajaditya : 

  • Mathematician who wrote Vyavahara Anita and Lilavati during Vishnuvardhana‘s reign 

Last Ruler :

  • Veera Ballala III

Hoysala Temple Architecture:

  • It is the building style developed under the rule of the Hoysalas and is mostly concentrated in southern Karnataka.
  • Hoysala temples are sometimes called hybrid or vesara as their unique style seems neither completely Dravida nor nagara.

Some of their famous temples are:

  • Hoysaleswara (Lord of the Hoysalas) Temple :  At Halebid, Karnataka, and built-in dark schist stone by a Hoysala king in AD 1150.
  • Chennakeshava Temple :    At Somnathpur, Karnataka and was built around AD 1268 under Narasimha III.
  • Kesava Temple : At Belur, Hassan district of Karnataka built by Vishnuvardhana

Source : The Hindu 

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