Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC | Cream Fungus

Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC – There Are Three Main Fungus Which Reported In Covid Patients Which Are The Black Fungus, White Fungus And Yellow Fungus . Here We Are Sharing Main Difference Between All These Three Fungus, Causes , Symptoms And Treatment. You Can Check Full Differences List Given Below . Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC Prelims And Mains Exam.

Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC
Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC

Difference Between Black White And Yellow Fungus UPSC

Yellow Fungus 

What is Yellow Fungus?

  • Yellow Fungus, dangerous than white or black fungus, is another fungal infection that has been attributed to COVID-19.
  • Health experts say it is a fatal infection.
  • Yellow Fungus is commonly found in reptiles.
  • The first case of Yellow Fungus in humans was reported in Ghaziabad in a 45-year-old man who had recovered from COVID-19.

Yellow Fungus UPSC | Spread | Symptoms | Treatment | Precautions

Causes Of Fungus

  • Yellow Fungus thrives in unhygienic and high humidity conditions, or consuming unhygienic food.
  • Environments with unsanitary conditions or humidity levels of more than 30 to 40 per cent are home to bacteria and fungus.
  • Overuse of steroids .
  • Antibacterial medications Also Reason.
  • Poor oxygen use are also a few causes of the Yellow Fungus infection.

Prevention From Yellow Fungus 

Doctors and specialists recommend that those who have weak immunity should remain on alert and contact a doctor if they notice any symptoms.

  • Follow proper mask mandates
  • Maintain personal hygiene
  • Keep your surroundings clean

Symptoms of Yellow Fungus

Yellow Fungus grows internally with symptoms such as:

  • Weight loss
  • Extreme lethargy
  • Decrease in appetite or no appetite at all
  • Internal bleeding
  • Pus leakage
  • Organs failure
  • Malnutrition
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Necrosis, in the worst case

Treatment of Yellow Fungus

  • The treatment for Yellow Fungus is like that of Black Fungus or White Fungus.
  • The primary treatment is the anti-fungal infection Amphotericin-B.
  • Health experts state that healing Yellow Fungus takes longer compared to Black or White Fungus.

White Fungus : Causes, Treatment, Symptoms

What is White Fungus Or Candidiasis ?

  • White Fungus or Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida.
  • Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems.
  • Candida can cause infections if it grows out of control or if it enters deep into the body (for example, the bloodstream or internal organs like the kidney, heart, or brain).
  • The most common species that causes infection is Candida albicans.

White Fungus UPSC | Causes | Symptoms | Spread | Treatment

What Are The Mains Causes Of Candidiasis?

  • White fungus infection can be caused due to low immunity, or if people come in contact with things that contain these moulds.
  • Diabetes patients, cancer patients, and those who are taking steroids for a long period of time are more at risk of getting infected.
  • White Fungus is affecting those coronavirus patients who are on oxygen support.
  • It is directly affecting the lungs of these patients.
  • It is the main reason of Leucorrhoea in womenflow of a whitish, yellowish, or greenish discharge from the vagina.
  • Like the black fungus, white fungus is also more likely to afflict people with compromised immune systems, pre-existing medical conditions, AIDS, a recent kidney transplant or diabetes.

What Are The Symptoms White Fungus ?

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark spots on lungs, reduced oxygen level

Note: The symptoms of ‘white fungus’ are similar to those of COVID and the infection can be diagnosed through CT-scan or X-ray.

Who is more at risk of White Fungus infection?

  • Both White and Black fungus prey on people with low immunity.
  • Along with this, people suffering from diabetes, cancer, critical illness or a patient admitted in ICU are more prone to black fungus.
  • At the same time, the white fungus attacks people with comorbidities.
  • People with cancer, excess blood sugar are more prone to white fungus.

How to avoid black and white fungus infection?

  • The first one has to avoid getting Covid infection.
  • Therefore it is important to strengthen the immunity.
  • Do not overuse steroids during covid treatment.
  • Steroids should be given only when the oxygen levels go down and pneumonia occurs.
  • When the condition is stable, reduce the number of steroids, so that there is no problem of blood sugar fluctuation.

White and black fungus infections can be avoided in these ways.

Diagnosis and Treatment Of White Fungus

    • CT scans or X-Rays can reveal the condition.
    • Patients with the white fungus are currently being treated with known anti-fungal medication.

Black Fungus : Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

About Mucormycosis:

  • Mucormycosis is a rare but serious infection that is caused by a group of moulds called mucormycetes. Colloquially termed ‘Black Fungus’, it was previously known as
  • Mucormycosis largely affects people who have health problems or use medicines that depress the body’s ability to combat germs and illness.
  • It reduces the ability to fight environmental pathogens.
  • It most commonly afflicts the sinuses or the lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air.
  • It can also happen on the skin after a burn, cut or other type of skin wound through which the fungus enters the skin.
  • It can also affect the brain.
  • People having co-morbities, variconazole therapy, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression by steroids or prolonged ICU stay can get predisposed to the fungal infection.
  • Warning signs include headache, fever, coughing, blood vomits, breathlessness and altered mental status.
  • It mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.

Transmission Or Spread Of Black Fungus

  • People can spread black fungus on coming in contact with the spores from the environment.
  • In case of the lung or sinus infection the person can be infected after inhaling the spores from the air.
  • A skin infection can occur after the fungus enters the skin through a scrape, burn, or other type of skin injury.
  • They are more common in soil than in air, and in summer and fall than in winter or spring.
  • These fungi are not harmful to most people but for people who have weakened immune systems, breathing in micromycetes spores can cause an infection
  • Mucormycosis does not spread between people or between people and animals.

Symptoms Of Black Fungus Or Mucormycosis

  1. Pain and redness around eyes and/or nose
  2. Fever
  3. Headache
  4. Coughing
  5. Shortness of breath
  6. Bloody vomits
  7. Altered mental status.

Prevention From Black Fungus

  • Cleaning and replacement of humidifiers (for those using Oxygen Concentrators)Sterile normal saline should be used in the humidifier Bottle.
  • Changed daily Masks should be disinfected/washed daily.
  • Those who are taking steroids should also keep checking their blood sugar levels.

Black Fungus UPSC | What is Mucormycosis | Symptoms | Causes |

 

 

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