List Of Waterfalls In India & the World | UPSC Prelims & Mains

List Of Waterfalls In India & the World | UPSCIn this article, You will read the Important Waterfalls in India, and Important Waterfalls in the World – for UPSC IAS Examination . You Will get Full Details Of All Waterfalls. There is no standard way to measure the height or width of a waterfall. No ranking of waterfalls should be assumed because of the heights or widths provided in the list. Many numbers are estimated and measurements may be imprecise.

What Is Waterfall ?

  • waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.
  • Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.
  • Waterfalls are commonly formed in the upper course of a river where lakes flow into valleys in steep mountains.
  • plunge pool (or plunge basin or waterfall lake) is a deep depression in a stream bed at the base of a waterfall or shut-in.
  • It is created by the erosional forces of cascading water on the rocks at the formation’s base where the water impacts.
Important Waterfalls In India & the World | UPSC
List Of Waterfalls

Types of Waterfalls :

Ledge waterfall
  • Water descends vertically over a vertical cliff, maintaining partial contact with the bedrock.
Cataract Waterfall 
  • A large, powerful waterfall.
Horsetail Waterfall 
  • Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.
Plunge Waterfall 
  • Fast-moving water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.
Block Waterfall 
  • Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.
Multi-step Waterfall 
  • A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.
Segmented Waterfall 
  • Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.
Cascade Waterfall 
  • Water descends a series of rock steps.
Punchbowl Waterfall 
  • Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.
Tiered Waterfall 
  • Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.
Fan Waterfall 
  • Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.
Moulin Waterfall 
  • A moulin is a waterfall in a glacier.

List of Highest Waterfalls in India

  • Kunchikal Falls in Shimoga District Karnataka is the highest waterfall in India with a height of 1493 feet.
  • The highest waterfall in India (Kunchikal Falls) is formed by the Varahi River.
  • Dudhsagar falls is known as the ‘Sea of milk’, it is formed from the Mandovi River.
  • Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand is known as the city of waterfalls in India.
  • Nohkalikai Falls located near Cherrapunji is the tallest plunge waterfall in India. Its height is 1115 feet (340 metres) and is one of the wettest places on Earth.
  • The Western Ghats are known as the Cherrapunji of South India.
  • Nohsngithiang Falls (also known as the Seven Sisters Waterfalls or Mawsmai Falls) is a seven-segmented waterfall located 1 kilometre south of Mawsmai village in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

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List Of Waterfalls In India :

Waterfalls in India Location Height Metre/Feet Feature
Kunchikal Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 455 metres (1,493 ft) Tiered, Highest waterfall in India
Barehipani Falls Mayurbhanj district, Odisha 399 metres (1,309 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Nohkalikai Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 340m (1115 feet) tallest plunge type waterfalls
Nohsngithiang Falls or Mawsmai Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 315 metres (1,033 ft) segmented type waterfalls
Dudhsagar Falls Karnataka and Goa 310 m(1017 feet) 4 tiered waterfalls
Kynrem Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 305 metres (1,001 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Meenmutty Falls Wayanad district, Kerala 300 metres (984 feet) 3 tiered waterfalls/ segmented type
Thalaiyar Falls Batlagundu, Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu 297 metres (974 ft) horsetail type waterfalls
Vajrai Falls Satara district, Maharashtra 260 metres (853 ft) 3 tiered, 2nd tallest plunge type waterfall
Barkana Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 259 metres (850 ft) tiered waterfalls
Jog Falls Shimoga district, Karnataka 253 metres (830 ft) cascade waterfalls
Khandadhar Falls Kendujhar district & Sundergarh district, Odisha 244 metres (801 ft) Horse tail type falls
Vantawng Falls Serchhip district, Mizoram 229 metres (751 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Kune Falls Pune district, Maharashtra 200 metres (660 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Soochipara Falls, Thoseghar Waterfalls Wayanad district, Kerala, Satara district Maharashtra 200 metres (656 feet) 3 tiered waterfalls
Magod Falls Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka 198 metres (650 ft) 2 tiered/Segmented waterfalls
Joranda Falls Mayurbhanj district, Odisha 181 metres (594 ft) plunge type waterfalls
Hebbe Falls Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka 168 metres (551 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Duduma Falls the border of Koraput (Odisha) and Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) 157 metres (515 ft) plunge type waterfalls
Palani Falls Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh 150 metres (490 ft) Surge waterfalls
Lodh Falls Latehar district, Jharkhand 143 metres (469 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Bahuti Falls Mauganj, Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 198 metres (650 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls, tallest waterfall in madhya Pradesh
Bishop Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 135 metres (443 ft) 3 tiered waterfalls
Chachai Falls Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 130 metres (430 ft) on bihad river, comes down from Rewa Plateau
Keoti Falls Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh 130 metres (430 ft) segmented type waterfall
Kalhatti Falls Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka 122 metres (400 ft)
Beadon Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 120 metres (390 ft) 3 tiered waterfall, twin of Bishop Falls
Keppa Falls Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka 116 metres (381 ft) fan type waterfall
Koosalli Falls Udupi, Karnataka 116 metres (381 ft) 6 tiered waterfall
Dabbe falls Shivamogga, Sagar, Karnataka 110 metres(360 ft)
Pandavgad Falls Thane, Maharashtra 107 metres (351 ft) Plunge waterfall
Rajat Prapat Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh 107 metres (351 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Bundla Falls kaimur district bihar 100 metres (330 ft)
Vantawng Falls Serchhip district, Mizoram 230 metres (750 ft) 2 tiered waterfalls
Shivanasamudra Falls Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka 98 metres (322 ft) segmented type
Lower Ghaghri Falls Latehar district, Jharkhand 98 metres (322 ft) cascade waterfalls
Hundru Falls Ranchi district, Jharkhand 98 metres (322 ft) segmented type
Sweet Falls East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 96 metres (315 ft) horsetail type
Agaya Gangai Namakkal, Tamil Nadu 92 metres (302 ft) 1 tiered/segmented waterfalls
Gatha Falls Panna district, Madhya Pradesh 91 metres (299 ft)
Teerathgarh Falls Baster district, Chhattisgarh 91 metres (299 ft) Block type Waterfall
Kiliyur Falls Yercaud, Tamil Nadu 91 metres (299 ft) fan type waterfall
Kudumari Falls Udupi district, Karnataka 91 metres (299 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Muthyala Maduvu Falls Bangalore rural district, Karnataka 91 metres (299 ft)
Tirathgarh Falls Bastar district, Chhattisgarh 91 metres (299 ft) horsetail type waterfall
Langshiang Falls West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya 85 metres (279 ft)
Talakona falls Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh 82 metres (269 ft) highest waterfall in andhra pradesh
Kakolat Falls Nawada district, Bihar 50 metres (160 ft) cataract waterfall
Athirappilly Falls Thrissur district, Kerala 25 metres (82 ft) Block/Segmented type waterfall
Chuliya Waterfall Rajasthan Chambal River

List of Highest Waterfalls in the World

Iguazu Falls
  • Iguazu Falls – forms a border between Argentina and Brazil. It is the largest waterfall system in the world.
Niagara Falls 
  • Niagara Falls – share the international border of Canada and the United States and lie in the states of new york and province of Ontario. It is a collective name of three waterfalls.
Victoria Falls
  • Victoria Falls – One of the Seven natural wonders of the world by CNN. It is in South Africa on the Zambezi river and shares the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Kaieteur Falls
  • Kaieteur Falls – is in Guyana. It is twice as high as Victoria Falls and 5 times higher than Niagara Falls.
Angel Falls
  • Angel Falls – are the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfalls, on the Churún River, a tributary of the Caroní river.
Paulo Afonso Falls
  • Paulo Afonso Falls – is a series of waterfalls on the São Francisco River in the north-east of Brazil.
Livingstone Falls
  • Livingstone Falls – are a succession of enormous rapids on the lower course of the Congo River in west equatorial Africa, downstream from Malebo Pool in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Boyoma Falls (Stanley Falls)
  • Boyoma Falls (Stanley Falls) – Boyoma Falls, formerly known as Stanley Falls, is a series of seven cataracts, along a curve of the Lualaba River between the river port towns of Ubundu and Kisangani in the Orientale Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Beyond the cataract the Lualaba becomes the Congo River.
Tugela Falls
  • Tugela Falls – Tugela Falls is a complex of seasonal waterfalls located in the Drakensberg of Royal Natal National Park in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Republic of South Africa.
Utigord Falls
  • Utigord Falls – in Norway, also known as Ramnefjellsfossen or Utigardsfossen is unofficially listed as the third-highest waterfall in the world.
Alexandra Falls
  • Alexandra Falls – is located on the Hay River in Canada.
Idaho Falls
  • Idaho Falls – on the Snake River, United States.
International Falls
  • International Falls – on the south bank of Rainy River, Minnesota, United States.
Browne Falls
  • Browne Falls – is a waterfall above Doubtful Sound, which is located in Fiordland National Park, New Zealand.

List Of Waterfalls In World For UPSC

Waterfalls in the World Height – Metres/Feets Locality Country
Angel Falls 979 metres (3,212 ft) Canaima National Park, Bolívar Venezuela
Tugela Falls 948 metres (3,110 ft) KwaZulu-Natal South Africa
Tres Hermanas Falls 914 metres (2,999 ft) Otishi National Park, Junin Peru
Olo’upena Falls 900 metres (2,953 ft) Molokai, Hawaii United States
Yumbilla Falls 896 metres (2,940 ft) Amazonas Peru
Vinnufossen 860 metres (2,822 ft) Møre og Romsdal Norway
Balåifossen 850 metres (2,789 ft) Hordaland Norway
Pu’uka’oku Falls 840 metres (2,756 ft) Hawaii United States
James Bruce Falls 840 metres (2,756 ft) British Columbia Canada
Browne Falls 836 metres (2,743 ft) Doubtful Sound, Southland New Zealand
Strupenfossen 820 metres (2,690 ft) Sogn og Fjordane Norway
Ramnefjellsfossen 818 metres (2,684 ft) Sogn og Fjordane Norway
Waihilau Falls 792 metres (2,598 ft) Hawaii United States
Colonial Creek Falls 788 metres (2,585 ft) Washington United States
Mongefossen 773 metres (2,536 ft) Møre og Romsdal Norway
Gocta Cataracts 771 metres (2,530 ft) Amazonas Peru
Mutarazi Falls 762 metres (2,500 ft) Manicaland Zimbabwe
Kjelfossen 755 metres (2,477 ft) Sogn og Fjordane Norway
Yosemite Falls 739 metres (2,425 ft) California United States
Cascades de Trou de Fer 725 metres (2,379 ft) Réunion France
Olmaafossen 720 metres (2,362 ft) Møre og Romsdal Norway (Tallest Waterfall in Norway)
Manawainui Falls 719 metres (2,359 ft) Hawaii United States
Kjeragfossen 715 metres (2,346 ft) Rogaland Norway
Avalanche Basin Falls 707 metres (2,320 ft) Montana United States
Harrison Basin Falls 707 metres (2,320 ft) Montana United States
Haloku Falls 700 metres (2,297 ft) Hawaii United States
Chamberlain Falls 700 metres (2,297 ft) Southland New Zealand
Alfred Creek Falls 700 metres (2,297 ft) British Columbia Canada
Døntefossen 700 metres (2,297 ft) Møre og Romsdal Norway
Brufossen 698 metres (2,290 ft) Hordaland Norway
Spirefossen 690 metres (2,264 ft) Sogn og Fjordane Norway
Lake Unknown Falls 680 metres (2,231 ft) Otago New Zealand
Kukenam, Salto 674 metres (2,211 ft) Bolívar Venezuela
Yutaj, Salto 671 metres (2,201 ft) Amazonas Venezuela
La Chorrera Falls 590 metres (1,936 ft) Cundinamarca Colombia

World’s highest Artificial Waterfalls

Artificial Waterfall in the world Height Metres/Feet Country
Cascata Delle Marmore (Created by Ancient Romans) tallest man-made waterfall in the world 165 metres (541 ft) Parco Fluviale del NeraItaly
Liebian Waterfall (largest artificial waterfall in the world, tallest waterfall included in a building) 108 metres (354 ft) Liebian International PlazaChina
Rain Vortex – Largest Indoor Waterfall 40 metres (131 ft) Jewel Changi AirportSingapore
Cloud Forest Indoor Waterfall 35 metres (115 ft) Cloud Forest, Gardens by the BaySingapore
Jurong Falls 30 metres (98 ft) Jurong Bird ParkSingapore
Viktoriapark Waterfall 24 metres (79 ft) ViktoriaparkGermany
Lotte Music Fountain 18.2 metres (60 ft) Aqua Mall, Lotte Department Store (Busan)South Korea

List Of Waterfalls In India & the World | UPSC

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