Kanjeevaram Silk Saree : Tamil Nadu | UPSC | Topic Based MCQ

Kanjeevaram Silk Saree : Tamil Nadu | UPSC | Topic Based MCQ  | Why In The News ? 

News : National award winning artisan weaver, B Krishnamoorthy, has created a repository with samples of all the designs, patterns and motifs traditional to Kanjeevaram silk sari weaving, preserving fine pieces for next generation.

About Kanjeevaram Sarees:

  • The Kanjeevaram is a sari that is usually handwoven in mulberry silk and has pure gold or silver zari that renders it a festive quality.
  • Originating from the village ‘Kanchipuram’ in Tamil Nadu, Kanjeevaram.
  • Kanjeevaram Saree is considered the queen of silk sarees.
  • It traces its long and rich history from the Chola Dynasty

Kanjeevaram Sarees Design Inspiration : 

  • The temple architecture of south India and especially around Kanchipuram has historically served as a mood board for design inspiration for the traditional Kanjeevaram motifs.
  • One can spot motifs such as the mythical creature called the Yali (an elephant-lion fusion), the Ganda Berunda (a two-headed majestic mythical bird) and the ubiquitous temple border called reku.

Dholavira UNESCO World Heritage Site | UPSC | Quiz & Ans

GI TAG For Kanjeevaram Sarees : 

  • Kanchipuram silk has also received GI Tag in 2005-06.

Kanjeevaram Silk Saree : Tamil Nadu | UPSC | Topic Based MCQ

About Silk Production in India

  • India is the second largest producer of silk in the world, producing around 18% of the world’s total silk.
  • South India is the leading silk producing area of the country and is also known for its famous silk weaving enclaves like Mysore, Kancheepuram, Dharmavaram, Arni, etc.
  • The Government of India in 2017 launched a scheme called “Silk Samagra for the development of sericulture in the country.

There are five major types of silk of commercial importance, obtained from different species of silkworms. These are

  • Mulberry
  • Oak Tasar
  • Tropical Tasar
  • Muga
  • Eri.

What Is Vanya Silks ? 

Except mulberry, other non-mulberry varieties of silks are wild silks, known as vanya silks.

Key facts:

  • India is the 2nd largest producer of silk in the world after China.
  • It is largest consumer of silk in the world.
  • It is the only country in the world that produces all 5 varieties of silk on a commercial scale– Mulberry, Oak Tasar & Tropical Tasar, Muga and Eri.
  • Holds the global monopoly for production of the famed golden ‘Muga’ silk.

Central Silk Board:

  • The Central Silk Board is a statutory body established in 1948 by an Act of Parliament.
  • It functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India.

About Silk Samagra Scheme :

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme launched for a period of three years i.e 2017-2020.
  • Silk Samagra is an Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry
  • which was launched to sustain and strengthen the Sericulture activities in the country.

Implementation:

  • It is being implemented by the Central Silk Board (CSB).

Components of the scheme : 

  • Research & Development, Training, Transfer of Technology and I.T. Initiatives
  • Seed Organizations
  • Coordination and Market Development and
  • Quality Certification Systems (QCS) / Export Brand Promotion and Technology Upgradation.

Aim:

  • To scale up production of Silk by improving the quality and productivity
  • To empower downtrodden, poor & backward families through various activities of sericulture in the country.

Other GI tagged Sarees In India : 

Kerala
  • Balaramapuram Sarees
  • Kasaragod Sarees
  • Kuthampully Sarees
Telangana
  • Gadwal Saree
  • Pochampally Ikat (logo)
Madhya Pradesh 
  • Chanderi Saree
  • Maheshwar Sarees
Odisha
  • Orissa Ikat
  • Bomkai Saree
  • Habaspuri Saree
West Bengal
  • Santipore Saree
  • Baluchari Saree
  • Dhaniakhali Saree
Maharashtra
  • Paithani Sarees and Fabrics
  • Karvath Kati Sarees and Fabrics
Chhattisgarh
  • Champa Silk Saree
Gujarat
  • Surat Zari Craft
  • Patola Saree.
Tamil Nadu
  • Kandangi Saree
  • Thirubuvanam silk sarees
  • Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees
Uttar Pradesh
  • Banaras Brocade
Karnataka
  • Ilkal Saree
  • Molakalmuru Saree
Andhra Pradesh
  • Uppada Jamdani Sarees
  • Venkatagiri Sarees
  • Mangalagiri Saree

 

Source – The Hindu, Indian Express 

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