Suranga Bawadi | UPSC

Suranga Bawadi | UPSC | Why In The News ?

Suranga Bawadi on World Monument Watch list

About Suranga Bawadi : 

  • Suranga Bawadi which is situated in Bijapur Karnataka has entered the World Monuments Watch List under ―Ancient Water System of the Deccan Plateau of the World Monument Funds.  
  • It is an integral part of the ancient Karez System of supplying water through subterranean tunnels.  
  • It was built by Adil Shah-I of Adil Shahi dynasty of Bijapur in the 16th century to supply water to Vijaypura in Karnataka.

Dholavira UNESCO World Heritage Site | UPSC | Quiz & Ans

About World Monuments Fund:

  • World Monuments Fund(WMF) is a private, international, non-profit organization founded in 1965.
  • It is headquartered in New York, USA.
  • It is dedicated to the preservation of historic architecture and cultural heritage sites around the world through fieldwork, advocacy, grantmaking, education, and training.

About World Monuments Watch:

  • The World Monuments Watch is a global program launched in 1995 by the World Monuments Fund.
  • It aims to identify imperiled cultural heritage sites and provide direct financial and technical support for their preservation.
  • It is a biennial selection program of at risk cultural heritage sites that combine great historical significance with contemporary social impact.
  • It is a nomination-based program that uses cultural heritage conservation to empower communities and improve human well-being.

About Karez System:

  • Karez is a water harnessing technology in which groundwater is brought to the surface by a tunnel.
  • In this system,no mechanical pump or lift is used.
  • Gravity alone brings the water from the underground source.
  • The Karez is found in 38 countries worldwide and most of these are concentrated in the Middle East region.
  • Persia is known for the earliest known and documented Karez system.

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