Malabar Rebellion or Moplah Riots of 1921 | UPSC | Why in the news?
- The 1921 Malabar Rebellion or Moplah Riots turns 100 next year.
- In other words, the year 2021 will mark the 100th year anniversary of the Malabar/Moplah uprising of 1921.
About Malabar Rebellion :
- Malabar Rebellion of 1921 was the culmination of a series of riots by Moplahs (Muslims of Malabar) in the 19th and early 20th centuries against the British and the Hindu landlords in Malabar (Northern Kerala).
- The British had appointed high caste Hindus in positions of authority to get their support, this led to the protest turning against the Hindus.
- The resistance which started against the British colonial rule and the feudal system later ended in communal violence between Hindus and Muslims.
- The Moplah Rebellion or the Malabar Rebellion was an extended version of the Khilafat Movement in Kerala in 1921.
The main leaders of this rebellion were:
The main leaders of the rebellion were
- Ali Musliyar
- Variankunnath Kunjahammad Haji
- Sithi Koya Thangal
- M. P. Narayana Menon
- Chembrasery Thangal
- K. Moideenkutti Haji
- Kappad Krishnan Nair
- Konnara Thangal
- Pandiyatt Narayanan Nambeesan
- Mozhikunnath Brahmadathan Nambudiripad
- In 1921 the Muslim peasants of the Malabar districts of Kerala known as the Moplahs rose against their landlords, the Namboodris and Nairs.
These upper classes exploited the peasants.
- The Moplahs had no security of their tenure.
- The renewal of fees, high rents and other extractions by the zamindars, broke the backbone of the Moplahs.
- They became united and made armed attacks on the Namboodiris, Nair’s and other higher castes.
- The British Government became active and suppressed them.
Questions Based Moplah Rebellion :
Q 1 – The Moplah Rebellion in 1921 in Malabar was Muslim Peasants Rabellion against :
- Muslim Land Holders
- The British Government Authority
- The non-tribal outsiders
- Hindu Land Holders
Q 2 : The Moplah Rebellion of 1921 took place in