NESAC | UPSC | Explained

NESAC | UPSC | Explained | Why In The News ?

The North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC), has been roped in to do satellite mapping of border areas to help “scientifically” demarcate inter-state boundaries.

About NESAC :

  • North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) was established as a joint initiative of Department of Space (DOS) and the North Eastern Council (NEC).
  • NESAC came into being in 2000.
  • It is located in Shillong, Meghalaya.
  • The Centre helps in augmenting the developmental process in the region by providing the advanced space technology support.
  • The funding for the centre is divided in 50:50 ratio between Government of India and North-Eastern council.

Key Facts About NESAC : The North Eastern Space Applications Centre

NESAC Full Form  North Eastern Space Applications Centre
Started By  Department of Space (DOS) and the North Eastern Council (NEC).
Started In Which year  2000
Location  Shillong , Meghalaya
Focused Area Of NESAC  Activities of NESAC are focused on the practical applications of space technology in agriculture, and allied fields like silk farming where it can help in early detection of diseases,
Funding  50:50 ratio between Government of India and North-Eastern council.

How NESAC Is Useful For North East India ?

  • NESAC (North Eastern Space Applications Centre) has enabled the States to address issues and challenges of North Eastern region with the support of space technology.
  • The organisation can also provide the required strategic inputs for the entire region for its overall development and strategic planning.
  • It has helped preserve forests by assessing forest fires and protecting endangered wildlife such as rhinos by studying the changing land cover.
  • NESAC has used satellite communication for telemedicine, and tele-education 
  • It has helped in weather prediction, and forecasting thunderstorms, lightning, and providing early flood warning.

Read Also : CST 100 Starliner UPSC | Explained

North Eastern Council

  • North Eastern Council (NEC) is a statutory advisory body
  • It Is constituted under the North Eastern Council Act 1971 and came into being in 1972 at Shillong.
  • The headquarters of the council is situated in Shillong and functions under the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) of the Government of India.
  • Home Minister is the ex offficio chairman of NEC.
  • NEC discusses any matter in which the North Eastern States have a common interest and decide the action to be taken on any such matter.
  • The funding of the Council mainly lies with the Central Government, with historically 56% contributed by the state governments and the rest by the central govt departments.

The eight States of Northeast India viz.

  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Manipur
  • Meghalaya
  • Mizoram
  • Nagaland
  • Tripura
  • Sikkim

Sikkim was added to the council in the year 2002.

Which of The Following Statements is / Are Correct ? 

  1. NESAC is joint initiative of Department of Space (DOS) and the North Eastern Council (NEC)
  2. North Eastern Space Applications Centre came into being in 2002
  3. North Eastern Space Applications Centre Funded 100% By Centre Government.
  4. NESAC has used satellite communication for telemedicine, and tele-education.
  5. North Eastern Council (NEC) is a Constitutional body.
  6. North Eastern Council Act Was Enacted In 1974.
  7. Home Minister is the ex offficio chairman of NEC.
  8. North Eastern Council Is Funded 50:50 Percent by Both State Government & Centre Government .
  9. Sikkim was added to the council in the year 2002.

Choose The Correct Statement And Check Your Performance . 

Source : Telegraph And Indian Express

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