Makaravilakku Festival UPSC

Makaravilakku Festival UPSC | Why In The News ? 

Makaravilakku festival in Sabarimala Was Celebrated In Sabarimala Recently .

Makaravilakku Festival in Sabarimala:

  • It is celebrated at the sacred grove of Lord Ayyappa at Sabarimala.
  • It is an annual seven-day festival, beginning on the day of Makar Sankranti when the sun is at the summer solstice.
  • The highlight of the festival is the appearance of Makarajyothi– a celestial star which appears on the day of Makar Sankranti on top of Kantamala Hills.
  • Makara Vilakku ends with the ritual called ‘Guruthi’, an offering made to appease the gods and goddesses of the wilderness.

Makaravilakku Festival UPSC

Indian Harvest Festivals :

Makar Sankranti: 

  • The festival of Makar Sankranti will be celebrated in Karnataka when the Sun enters the Makar zodiac and the days begin to lengthen compared to nights.
  • The day marks the onset of summer and the six months auspicious period for Hindus known as Uttarayan, the northward movement of the sun.
  • As a part of the official celebration of ‘Uttarayan’, the Gujarat government has been hosting the International Kite Festival since 1989.

Read Also – Shigmo Festival | UPSC

Different Names Of Makar Sankranti In India : 

  • Lohri by north Indian Hindus and Sikhs
  • Sukarat in central India
  • Bhogali Bihu by Assamese Hindus
  • Pongal by Tamil and other South Indian Hindus.


  • In South India and particularly in Tamil Nadu
  • It’s the festival of Pongal which is being celebrated over 4 days at harvest time.

Magh Bihu: 

  • In Assam and many parts of the North East, the festival of Magha Bihu is celebrated. 
  • It sees the first harvest of the season being offered to the gods along with prayers for peace and prosperity.


  •  Gujarat celebrates it in the form of the convivial kite festival of Uttarayan.


  • In Punjab, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi. Bathing in a river in the early hours of Maghi is important.


  • In Shimla District of Himachal Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is known as Magha Saaji. 
  • Saaji is the Pahari word for Sankranti, the start of the new month. 
  • Hence this day marks the start of the month of Magha.


  • The festival is known as Kicheri in Uttar Pradesh and involves ritual bathing.

Shakrain ( In Bangladesh ) : 

  • is an annual celebration of winter in Bangladesh, observed with the flying of kites.

Maghe Sankranti ( Nepal ) : 

  • Its is a Nepalese festival observed on the first of Magh in the Vikram Samvat Hindu Solar Nepali calendar (about 14 January).



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