Kamchatka Peninsula UPSC | Features, Location, Why In News ?
- An ‘ecological disaster’ of sorts is unfolding on a black volcanic beach of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, according to a report.
- Examination of the seawater by the administration has shown that levels of phenols and oil compounds have spiked.
- Helicopter with tourists crashes in east Russia; 8 missing ( 12 August 2021 ) – The Hindu
About Kamchatka Peninsula UPSC
- The Kamchatka Peninsula is a 1,250-kilometre-long peninsula in the Russian Far East.
- The Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Okhotsk make up the peninsula’s eastern and western coastlines, respectively.
- Immediately offshore along the Pacific coast of the peninsula runs the 10,500-metre-deep Kuril–Kamchatka Trench.
- The Kamchatka Peninsula, the Commander Islands, and Karaginsky Island constitute the Kamchatka Krai of the Russian Federation.
- The vast majority of the 322,079 inhabitants are ethnic Russians, although about 13,000 are Koryaks (2014).
- The Kamchatka peninsula contains the volcanoes of Kamchatka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The highest peak is the highest active volcano in Eurasia, Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4750 m).
- The higher parts of Kamchatka are glaciated with an area of about 900 km2 covered by 446 glaciers (Solomina et al., 2007).
- The climate of the Kamchatka Peninsula is severe, with prolonged, cold, and snowy winters and wet, cool summers.
- Most of Kamchatka is tundra supporting mosses and lichens, with thickets of Kamchatka alder.